Dr Fakira Mohan Nahak
A Proclamation for World Environment Day
World Environment Day, observed annually on June 5th, serves as a forum for bringing attention to environmental challenges and motivating people to take action. We must take some time to reflect on the pressing environmental issues and challenges that our contemporary world is currently facing when we observe World Environment Day in 2023. This write up tries to clarify the current state of our environment, draw attention to pressing issues, and emphasize the importance of working together to protect the future of our planet.
Climate change, deforestation, air and water pollution, biodiversity loss, and resource depletion are some of the environmental issues the globe is currently dealing with. These issues have arisen as a result of a number of factors, including fast industrialization, unsustainable consumption patterns, population growth, and the absence of environmental restrictions. These environmental issues have wide-ranging impacts that affect not only ecosystems but also people’s health and the stability of the socioeconomic system.
Alteration to the Climate change is one of the most significant problems facing the environment in our day and age. Warming of the planet’s surface, an increase in the frequency and severity of extreme weather events, and the disintegration of the ice caps that cover the poles are all the direct results of rising greenhouse gas emissions. The rise in sea levels, disruptions in weather patterns, an increase in the frequency of natural disasters, and risks to agriculture and food security are all clear manifestations of the effects of climate change. In order to solve this serious issue, immediate action is required to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, convert to renewable energy sources, and implement sustainable practises.
Deforestation and the Loss of Biodiversity remains a serious concern all over the world, and it is directly responsible for the destruction of irreplaceable forest ecosystems and the loss of biodiversity. Forests are extremely important to the process of climate regulation, as well as to the maintenance of wildlife habitats and the provision of other key ecosystem services.
However, the delicate balance of our ecosystems is in danger as a result of widespread deforestation for agricultural and logging purposes as well as urbanization. The loss of biodiversity not only makes our planet less beautiful and less resistant to natural disasters, but it also messes up essential ecological processes and puts the well-being of a great number of species, including people, at risk. It is imperative that actionable steps be taken in order to put an end to deforestation, encourage efforts to reforest, and save habitats and species that are in danger.
Dangers to Human Health and the Environment Caused by Pollution of both air and water represents serious dangers to both human health and the natural environment. Poor air quality, respiratory ailments, and health difficulties associated to climate change are all the result of rapid industrialization and urbanization, which led to the release of dangerous pollutants into the atmosphere.
In a similar vein, water pollution brought on by industrial waste, agricultural runoff, and inefficient waste management has a negative impact on aquatic ecosystems, contaminates sources of drinking water, and constitutes a threat to marine life. In order to reduce pollution and protect public health, it is essential to have stricter regulations, more environmentally responsible practises, and improved public knowledge.
Consumption of natural resources that is not compatible with their availability, such as fossil fuels, minerals, and water, contributes to the depletion of these resources. At an alarming rate, non-renewable resources are being extracted from the earth, which will eventually result in their depletion and the destruction of the surrounding environment.
In addition, the techniques of extraction and production frequently involve destructive practices, such as mountaintop removal mining and fracking, both of which have severe repercussions for the environment. It is critical to make the transition towards a circular economy, which places an emphasis on recycling, reusing, and decreasing waste in order to successfully conserve resources and reduce negative effects on the environment.
Taking collective action on the individual, community, national, and global levels is necessary if we are going to be successful in addressing the environmental concerns that face our modern world. To advance sustainable development, businesses, organisations, and individuals all need to work together, embrace environmentally friendly practises, and lobby for stringent environmental legislation. Campaigns of environmental education and awareness play an extremely important part in the development of a sense of environmental responsibility and the motivation of meaningful action.
In order to slow the rate of climate change and cut pollution, it is essential to encourage the use of renewable energy sources, to invest in environmentally friendly technologies, and to implement environmentally responsible agriculture practises.
The protection and restoration of ecosystems, the preservation of biodiversity, and the promotion of sustainable resource management should be the primary focuses of conservation activities. It is absolutely necessary to put environmental regulations into effect and enhance them in order to guarantee that businesses will behave ethically and adopt sustainable practices.
The observation of World Environment Day in 2023 serves as a timely reminder of the critical importance of finding solutions to the environmental problems that our modern world is currently facing. Climate change, deforestation, pollution, and the loss of resources all need for quick action and coordinated efforts from everyone.
We can leave the next generation with a planet that is more robust and healthier than the one we inherited by encouraging a global commitment to sustainable development. Let us make the most of this opportunity to work together, spread awareness, and create a more sustainable future for everyone by moving forward with some tangible initiatives.
(Dr. Fakira Mohan Nahak is a writer and former media professional. He is currently working as the Head of the Department of ‘University Institute of Media Studies’, Chandigarh University, at Mohali, Punjab. Views are Personal)